Why yes, Virginia, there is science fiction written in Arabic. It even gets written by women. See here for an interview with Arab writer, Noura Noman.
You may also want to check out this article about Tunisian literature. Naturally the Tunisians have a strong interest in Carthage.
And finally, Small Beer Press have announced a new novel by the great Argentinian science fiction writer, Angélica Gorodischer. Translated by Amalia Gladhart, Trafalgar will be available in February 2013.